China visa authorities may issue a Diplomatic, Courtesy, Service or Ordinary Visa to a foreigner according to his identity, purpose of visit to China and passport type. Whilst it is possible to get some visas at borders or upon landing getting day or weekend passes, do not rely on this.
The Ordinary Visa consists of eight sub-categories, which are respectively marked with China phonetic letters F, L, X, C, J-1, J-2, G, and D.
- F Visa: Issued to an applicant who is invited to China for visit, research, lecture, business, scientific-technological and culture exchanges or short-term advanced studies or intern practice for a period of no more than six months. This is the one interns will apply for.
- L Visa: Issued to an applicant who comes to China for tourist purposes, family visiting or other personal affairs.
- Z Visa: Issued to an applicant who is to take up a post or employment in China, and their accompanying family members.
- X Visa: Issued to an applicant who comes to China for the purpose of study, advanced studies or intern practice for a period of six months or above.
- C Visa: Issued to crewmembers on international aviation, navigation and land transportation missions and family members accompanying them.
- J-1 Visa: Issued to foreign resident correspondents in China.
- J-2 Visa: Issued to foreign correspondents on temporary interview mission in China.
- G Visa: Issued to those who transit through China.
- D Visa: Issued to applicant who is to reside permanently in China.
The China visa authorities overseas include China embassies, consulates, visa offices, and the consular department of the office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. If a foreigner intends to enter into, exit from or transit through the China territory, he shall apply to the above-mentioned China visa authorities for a China visa.